Microparticles are emerging as an integral part of the vascular system. The microparticles are derived from stimulated or apoptotic endothelial cells, platelets, and leukocytes. They are involved in coagulation and regular cell function. Excessive numbers of microparticles contribute to artherosclerosis, chronic renal failure, and metabolic syndrome. Microparticle levels may be reduced by medications, relieving symptoms for awhile. Studies are being done to predict disease by counting microparticles. Further research must be done to understand and make use of microparticles.
Kohen, L. (2013). Microparticle Function. The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences, 7 (1). Retrieved from http://touroscholar.touro.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1097&context=sjlcas