Heart disease is one of the highest causes for fatality in the world. Although many such diseases can be treated by a heart transplant, this in itself can cause countless problems. Aside from the high demand for donor hearts, there is the risk of the patient’s immune system rejecting the transplanted heart. A bioengineered heart would reduce the need for donor hearts, and thus save countless lives. Finding a suitable scaffold, obtaining appropriate cells, and ensuring that the tissue will function properly are the main focuses in creating an artificial heart. While most of the studies done have been concentrated on creating cardiac tissue rather than the full organ, with the integration of these aspects scientists are getting closer to the goal of engineering a fully functioning artificial heart.
Loeb, R. (2014). Bioengineered Hearts. The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences, 8 (1). Retrieved from http://touroscholar.touro.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1085&context=sjlcas