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The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences

Abstract

ADHD, attention deficit hyperactive disorder, is a disorder characterized by hyperactivity, inattentiveness, inability to remain on task, fidgetiness, and impulsivity. An over absorption of dopamine by the dopamine transporters leads to a lack of dopamine, the inhibiting neurotransmitter in the brain, resulting in the inability for the individual to inhibit their impulses. The disease is most likely seen in children but may continue into adulthood. The length of the disease across the individual’s life span, results in expensive treatment, whether it be medication or Cognitive Behavior Therapy, CBT. Therefore, these medical costs have caused researchers to find the most efficient drugs to provide the ADHD patients with the most effective, cost effective, and beneficial results. Different individuals require different treatment options, whether it be due to sex, age of onset, socioeconomic group, and attitude toward medication. This paper will provide an overview of the different treatment options with their side effects, causes and remedies.

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