Epigenetics is an emerging research topic that is being tested as a potential cure for cancer. Epigenetics is a non-genetic influence that shapes the phenotype. Epigenetics effects gene expression, but does not cause any changes in the DNA. DNA methylation patterns is one such epigenetic change in the cell that has huge potential for cancer treatment. Scientists have observed that many cancerous genes express signs of either hypermethylation or hypomethylation. The key for the treatment is that epigenetic changes are reversible, which opens the door to potential drugs to cure cancer and other diseases.
Margolis, S. R. (2015). Epigenetics as a Cure for Cancer. The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences, 9 (1). Retrieved from http://touroscholar.touro.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1042&context=sjlcas