Examining the Validity of the iNACOL Standards: Improving K-12 Online Course Design

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Graduate School of Education


The research presented created a revised K-12 online course design rubric based off the International Association for K-12 Online Learning (iNACOL) National Standards for Quality Online Courses The redesign was completed in three distinct phases, beginning with a literature review of the iNACOL standards that compared current K-12, higher education, and other related literature to each element found in the standards to test for content validity Phase two consisted of an expert panel review of the standards, along with phase one suggestions, over three rounds Viewing the standards through the specific lens of K-12 online course design, the experts combined, revised, deleted, or kept individual elements Finally, a revised rubric was field tested against current K-12 online courses in phase three

Publisher's Statement

The original material can be found here: https://www.learntechlib.org/p/182961/