Pre-operative Management for Visceral (Intestine, Intestine/Liver, and Multi-Visceral) Transplantation
Patients who require intestine-containing grafts are diverse and may be classified into three groups: patients who need an isolated intestine transplant for intestinal failure (group 1); those who need both an intestine and liver transplant for intestinal failure with total parenteral nutrition and liver disease (group 2); and those with liver cirrhosis/complete mesoportal thrombosis, who need either an intestine/liver transplant or a full multivisceral transplant (group 3). Those indivisuals were very complexed especially in group 2 and 3. They need intensive work up and preoperative evaluation.
Sogawa H. Pre-operative management for visceral (intestine, intestine/liver, and multi-visceral) transplantation. In: Subramaniam K, Sakai T, editors. Anesthesia and perioperative care for organ transplantation. New York, NY: Springer Nature; 2017. pp. 513-6.