Identification of a Pyranocoumarin Photosensitizer that is a Potent Inhibitor of Keratinocyte Growth
Environmental Health Science
Photosensitizers are used in the treatment of epidermal proliferation and differentiation disorders such as psoriasis and vitiligo. In these studies, a ring-expanded carbon homolog of the linear psoralen (furo[3,2-g]benzopyran-7-one) class of photosensitizers, 4,10-dimethyl-2H,8H-benzo[1,2-b:5,4-b']dipyran-2-one (NDH2476), was synthesized and analyzed for biological activity. Following activation by ultraviolet light (UVA, 320-400 nm), NDH2476 was found to be a potent inhibitor of keratinocyte growth (IC50 = 9 nm). Similar derivatives methylated in the pyran ring, or containing a saturated pyran ring structure, were markedly less active or inactive as photosensitizers. NDH2476 was found to intercalate and damage DNA following UVA light treatment as determined by plasmid DNA unwinding and nicking experiments. Taken together, these data demonstrate that an intact furan ring in psoralen photosensitizers is not required for keratinocyte growth inhibition or DNA damage. Our findings that low nanomolar concentrations of a benzopyranone derivative were active as a photosensitizer indicates that this or a structurally related compound may be useful in the treatment of skin diseases involving aberrant epidermal cell growth and differentiation.
Laskin, J., Jan, Y., Jetter, M., Guillon, C., Mariano, T., Heck, D., & Heindel, N. (2018). Identification of a Pyranocoumarin Photosensitizer that is a Potent Inhibitor of Keratinocyte Growth. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 94 (3), 577-582. https://doi.org/10.1111/php.12882