Ruxolitinib Significantly Enhances in Vitro Apoptosis in Hodgkin Lymphoma and Primary Mediastinal B-Cell Lymphoma and Survival in a Lymphoma Xenograft Murine Model
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) share similar molecular features by gene expression profiling. Frequent gains of chromosome 9p exhibit higher Janus Kinase 2 (JAK2) transcript levels with increased JAK2 activity, suggesting aberrant activity of JAK2 and STAT pathways. This signaling pathway alteration may in part play an important role in the pathogenesis and/or chemoradiotherapy resistance in HL and PMBL. Ruxolitinib is a potent and selective JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor, with activity against myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) including those harboring the JAK2V617F mutation. We investigated the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of ruxolitinib and changes in downstream signaling pathways in HL and PMBL. We demonstrated that ruxolitinib significantly inhibited STAT signaling in both HL and PMBL with constitutively active JAK2 signaling. We also observed that ruxolitinib significantly induced in vitro anti-proliferative effects (p < 0.05) and increased programmed cell death (p < 0.05) against both HL and PMBL cells. Importantly, ruxolitinib significantly inhibited tumor progression by bioluminescence (p < 0.05) and significantly improved survival in HL (p = 0.0001) and PMBL (p < 0.0001) xenograft NSG mice. Taken altogether, these studies suggest that ruxolitinib may be a potential adjuvant targeted agent in the therapeutic approach in patients with high risk HL and PMBL.
Lee, S., Shah, T., Yin, C., Hochberg, J., Ayello, J., Morris, E., van de Ven, C., & Cairo, M. (2018). Ruxolitinib Significantly Enhances in Vitro Apoptosis in Hodgkin Lymphoma and Primary Mediastinal B-Cell Lymphoma and Survival in a Lymphoma Xenograft Murine Model. Oncotarget, 9 (11), 9776-9788. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.24267