Improvement in Itch and Other Psoriasis Symptoms with Brodalumab in Phase 3 Randomized Controlled Trials
BACKGROUND: Patients with psoriasis have lesional symptoms, including itch, which can reduce quality of life. The efficacy and safety of brodalumab, an interleukin-17 receptor A antagonist, in treating moderate-to-severe psoriasis have been reported in three randomized, controlled, phase 3 trials (AMAGINE-1/-2/-3). OBJECTIVE: The effect of brodalumab on lesional symptoms was assessed using the psoriasis symptom inventory (PSI), a validated patient-reported instrument. METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive brodalumab (140 or 210 mg every 2 weeks [Q2W]), placebo (AMAGINE-1/-2/-3), or ustekinumab (AMAGINE-2/-3) during a 12-week induction phase, followed by a maintenance phase through week 52. Patients electronically rated the severity of PSI items (itch, burning, stinging, pain, redness, scaling, cracking and flaking) during the previous 24 h on a scale of 0 (not at all severe) to 4 (very severe). At each visit, the PSI total score responder status was assessed, with responders defined as having an average weekly total inventory score 1 at week 12. RESULTS: Across AMAGINE-1/-2/-3, brodalumab was associated with improvements in PSI total scores and itch scores vs. placebo from week 2 through week 12 (P < 0.001 in both domains). In AMAGINE-2/-3, brodalumab 210 mg Q2W demonstrated faster onset of PSI total score and itch responses (week 2, 22.1% and 36.4%, respectively) vs. ustekinumab (week 2, 6.9% and 17.1%, respectively) and was associated with improved itch responses vs. ustekinumab after 52 weeks of constant treatment. CONCLUSION: Brodalumab demonstrated rapid, robust improvements in symptoms assessed by the PSI, including itch, vs. placebo and ustekinumab.
Gottlieb, A., Gordon, K., Hsu, S., Elewski, B., Eichenfield, L., Kircik, L., Rastogi, S., Pillai, R., & Israel, R. (2018). Improvement in Itch and Other Psoriasis Symptoms with Brodalumab in Phase 3 Randomized Controlled Trials. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 32 (8), 1305-1313. https://doi.org/10.1111/jdv.14913