Salt Stress in the Renal Tubules is Linked to Tal Specific Expression of Uromodulin and an Upregulation of Heat Shock Genes
Previously, our comprehensive cardiovascular characterisation study validated Uromodulin as a blood pressure gene. Uromodulin is a glycoprotein exclusively synthesised at the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle and is encoded by the Umod gene. Umod(-/-) mice have significantly lower blood pressure than Umod(+/+) mice, are resistant to salt-induced changes in blood pressure, and show a leftward shift in pressure-natriuresis curves reflecting changes of sodium reabsorption. Salt stress triggers transcription factors and genes that alter renal sodium reabsorption. To date there are no studies on renal transcriptome responses to salt stress. Here we aimed to delineate salt stress pathways in tubules isolated from Umod(+/+) mice (a model of sodium retention) and Umod(-/-) mice (a model of sodium depletion) +/-300mOsmol sodium chloride (n=3 per group) performing RNA-Seq. In response to salt stress, the tubules of Umod(+/+) mice displayed an up regulation of heat shock transcripts. The greatest changes occurred in the expression of: Hspa1a (Log2 fold change 4.35, p=2.48e-12) and Hspa1b (Log2 fold change 4.05, p=2.48e-12). This response was absent in tubules of Umod(-/-) mice. Interestingly, 7 of the genes discordantly expressed in the Umod(-/-) tubules were electrolyte transporters. Our results are the first to show that salt stress in renal tubules alters the transcriptome, increasing the expression of heat shock genes. This direction of effect in Umod(+/+) tubules suggest the difference is due to the presence of Umod facilitating greater sodium entry into the tubule cell reflecting a specific response to salt stress.
Graham, L., Aman, A., Campbell, D., Augley, J., Graham, D., McBride, M., Fraser, N., Ferreri, N., Dominiczak, A., & Padmanabhan, S. (2018). Salt Stress in the Renal Tubules is Linked to Tal Specific Expression of Uromodulin and an Upregulation of Heat Shock Genes. Physiological Genomics, 50 (11), 964-972. https://doi.org/10.1152/physiolgenomics.00057.2018