NYMC Faculty Publications


Clinical Oversight and the Avoidance of Repeat Induced Abortion

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September 2018


Obstetrics and Gynecology


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of patient counseling, demographics, and contraceptive methods on repeat induced abortion in women attending family planning clinics. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of repeat induced abortions was performed. The analysis included patients with an initial induced abortion obtained between January 1, 2001, and March 31, 2014, at New York City Health + Hospitals/Metropolitan. The duration of involvement in the family planning program, the use of contraceptive interventions, and 18 patient factors were analyzed for their correlation with the incidence of repeat induced abortions per year of follow-up. RESULTS: A decreased rate of repeat induced abortions was associated with a longer duration of clinical oversight (r(2) =0.449, P<0.001), a higher contraceptive efficacy score (r=0.280, P=0.025), and a larger number of clinic visits for contraception (r=0.333, P=0.007). CONCLUSION: A continuum of contact with all of the services of a family planning clinic demonstrated a strong efficacy to limit repeat induced abortions. By determining the patient characteristics that most influence repeat induced abortion rates, providers can best choose the most efficacious method of contraception available. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.