NYMC Faculty Publications

Title

Frequency of 30-Day Readmission and Its Causes After Endovascular Aneurysm Intervention of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (from the Nationwide Readmission Database)

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

March 2019

Department

Medicine

Abstract

Endovascular aneurysm intervention (EVAI) is one of the most commonly performed vascular interventions for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Data regarding 30-day readmission rates after EVAI are poorly reported in the literature. We used the United States Nationwide Readmission Database from 2010 to 2014 to identify all patients >/=18 years who were readmitted within 30 days after a hospital discharge for EVAI of the AAA. Incidence, etiologies, predictors of 30-day readmission, and trends of readmission rates were analyzed. In 138,014 patients who survived to discharge after an EVAI procedure for AAA, 14,146 (10.24%) were readmitted within 30 days. Median time to readmission was 11 days. Cardiac causes (16.34%) followed by infections (15.40%) and vascular complications (12.86%) were common etiologies of readmission. Greater patient age, female sex, coexisting co-morbidities such as heart failure, atrial fibrillation, peripheral vascular disease, lung disease, and chronic kidney disease were independent predictors of 30-day readmission. In-hospital complications during an index admission such as major bleeding or vascular complications were also predictive of 30-day readmission. Trend analysis showed a progressive decline in readmission rates from 11.3% in 2010 to 9.6% in 2014 (ptrend <0.0001), 20% lower odds in 2014 compared with 2010 (odds ratio 0.80, 95% confidence interval 0.72 to 0.87, p <0.0001). In this contemporary study of EVAI for AAA, nearly 1 in 10 patients was readmitted within 30 days of discharge after an index admission. Cardiac complications and infections were common causes of readmission within 30 days.

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