Habilitation of Very Preterm Infants at a Post Acute Care Inpatient Rehabilitation (PACIR) Center after Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Discharge
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether Post-Acute Care Inpatient Rehabilitation (PACIR) admission after NICU stay affects the total length of stay (LOS) of very preterm (VPT: =30 weeks of gestation) infants. METHODS: A retrospective case control study of VPT infants d/c'd from the NICU at Maria Fareri Children's Hospital (MFCH) to either a PACIR (Blythedale Children's Hospital: BH) for convalescent care (cases) or directly home (controls). RESULTS: 35 cases and 70 controls. Total LOS (MFCH + BH) was longer for cases [196 vs. 97 days]. At the time of d/c from MFCH, Special Health Care Needs (SHCN) amongst cases were greater than controls, however, became similar at the time of home d/c. The majority of cases achieved habilitation goals at the PACIR. CONCLUSIONS: Although LOS was longer for patients transferred to a PACIR, habilitation at BH Hospital reduced the SHCN at the time of home d/c amongst cases.
Singh, M., Parvez, B., Banquet, A., & Kase, J. (2019). Habilitation of Very Preterm Infants at a Post Acute Care Inpatient Rehabilitation (PACIR) Center after Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Discharge. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 22 (1), 53-60. https://doi.org/10.1080/17518423.2018.1437841