Left Ventricular Assist Device in Older Adults
Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are an effective therapy for a growing and aging population in the background of limited donor supply. Selecting the proper patient involves assessment of indications, risk factors, scores for overall outcomes, assessment for right ventricular failure, and optimal timing of implantation. LVAD complications have a 5% to 10% perioperative mortality and complications of bleeding, thrombosis, stroke, infection, right ventricular failure, and device failure. As LVAD engineering technology evolves, so will the risk-prediction scores. Hence, more large-scale prospective data from multicenters will continually be required to aid in patient selection, reduce complications, and improve long-term outcomes.
Caraang, C., Lanier, G. M., Gass, A. L., Aronow, W. S., & Gupta, C. A. (2017). Left Ventricular Assist Device in Older Adults. Heart Failure Clinics, 13 (3), 619-632. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hfc.2017.02.013
Originally published in Heart Failure Clinics. The original material can be found here.