Heart Failure Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction
Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction (MI) to develop heart failure (HF) include an increased prevalence of MI, multivessel coronary artery disease, decreased left ventricular (LV) contractile reserve, impairment of LV diastolic relaxation, increased hypertension, LV hypertrophy, diabetes mellitus, valvular heart disease, and renal insufficiency. HF associated with acute MI should be treated with a loop diuretic. The use of nitrates, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, aldosterone antagonists, beta-blockers, digoxin, and positive inotropic drugs; treatment of arrhythmias and mechanical complications; and indications for use of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization is discussed.
Aronow, W. S. (2017). Heart Failure Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction. Heart Failure Clinics, 13 (3), 513-525. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hfc.2017.02.007
Originally published in Heart Failure Clinics. The original material can be found here.