The Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) Scoring: the Diagnostic and Potential Prognostic Role
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a devastating soft tissue infection associated with potentially poor outcomes. The Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) score has been introduced as a diagnostic tool for NF. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of LRINEC scoring in NF patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted for patients who were admitted with NF between 2000 and 2013. Based on LRINEC points, patients were classified into (Group 1: LRINEC /= 6). The 2 groups were analyzed and compared. Primary outcomes were hospital length of stay, septic shock and hospital death. RESULTS: A total of 294 NF cases were identified with a mean age 50.9 +/- 15 years. When compared to Group1, patients in Group 2 were 5 years older (p = 0.009), more likely to have diabetes mellitus (61 vs 41%, p < 0.001), Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection (p = 0.004), greater Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score (11.5 +/- 3 vs 8 +/- 2, p = 0.001), and prolonged intensive care (median 7 vs 5 days) and hospital length of stay (22 vs 11 days, p = 0.001). Septic shock (37 vs. 15%, p = 0.001) and mortality (28.8 vs. 15.0%, p = 0.005) were also significantly higher in Group 2 patients. Using Receiver operating curve, cutoff LRINEC point for mortality was 8.5 with area under the curve of 0.64. Pearson correlation analysis showed a significant correlation between LRINEC and SOFA scorings (r = 0.51, p < 0.002). DISCUSSION: Early diagnosis, simplified risk stratification and on-time management are vital to achieve better outcomes in patients with NF. CONCLUSIONS: Beside its diagnostic role, LRINEC scoring could predict worse hospital outcomes in patients with NF and simply identify the high-risk patients. However, further prospective studies are needed to support this finding.
El-Menyar, A., Asim, M., Mudali, I., Mekkodathil, A., Latifi, R., & Al-Thani, H. (2017). The Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) Scoring: the Diagnostic and Potential Prognostic Role. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, 25 (1), 28. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13049-017-0359-z