NYMC Faculty Publications


Systemic Lupus Erythematous Associated With Multi-Vessel Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection

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Resident/Fellow, Faculty

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Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), often associated with atherosclerosis. However, SCAD has been increasingly recognized as a distinct entity, especially in young females without traditional cardiovascular risk factors. We present a case of a 56-year-old female with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who developed multivessel SCAD involving the right coronary artery (RCA) and ramus. The patient's clinical presentation included typical chest pain, elevated troponins, and ST depressions on electrocardiography. Coronary angiography confirmed the presence of SCAD, classified as type 4 in the RCA and type 2 in the ramus. Prompt diagnosis and treatment resulted in a favorable prognosis. This case emphasizes the importance of considering SCAD in SLE patients presenting with ACS symptoms, particularly in younger women without evident cardiovascular risk factors. Early invasive coronary angiography is recommended for accurate diagnosis and timely management. SCAD can lead to significant complications and requires meticulous attention during angiographic procedures. Conservative management is often preferred, as most uncomplicated cases of SCAD heal spontaneously. Further research is needed to determine optimal treatment strategies and long-term outcomes for patients with SCAD, especially in the presence of underlying inflammatory conditions like SLE.