Here we present a case of a patient who got trapped in an elevator; on initial evaluation patient was found with bradycardia; on further evaluation electrocardiogram (EKG) showed new onset 2nd-degree Mobitz type 2 AV block. On admission patient developed ischemic changes on EKG and troponin elevation. Transthoracic echocardiogram showed reduced ejection fraction as well as apical inferior, anterior, lateral, and septal hypokinesia. Coronary angiography showed nonobstructive coronary artery disease and ventriculogram demonstrated anterolateral and apical hypokinesia suggesting takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM). Atrioventricular block (AV) is rarely seen as initial presentation of TCM and has a prevalence of about 2.9%. AV block during early presentation of TCM poses a therapeutic dilemma with regard to the timing and the need to place a temporary or permanent pacemaker. The decision to place a permanent pacemaker may be on a case-by-case basis and more research is needed on formulating standardized recommendations in patients with TCM and conduction tissue abnormalities.
Cativo, E., Valvani, R., Mene-Afejuku, T., Cativo, D., & Mushiyev, S. (2017). A Rare Association of Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy with High-degree Atrioventricular Block. Case Reports in Cardiology, 2017, 6989438. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6989438
Originally published in Case Reports in Cardiology, 2017, 6989438. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6989438
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.