Pancreatic Trauma: Management and Literature Review
Pancreatic injury is an uncommon event often difficult to diagnose at an early stage. After abdominal trauma, the surgeon must always be aware of the possibility of pancreatic trauma due to the complications associated with missed pancreatic injuries. Due to its retroperitoneal position, asociated organs and vascular injuries are almost always present, which along with frequent extra abdominal injuries explain the high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to present a concise description of the incidence of these injuries, lesional mechanisms, recommended diagnostic methods, therapeutic indications including nonoperative management, endoscopy and surgery, and an analysis of pancreas-specific complications and mortality rates in these patients based on a 60-year review of the literature, encompassing 6,364 patients. Due to pancreatic retroperitoneal position, asociated organs and vascular injuries are almost always present, which along with frequent extraaabdominal injuries explain the high morbidity and mortality of these patients.
Petrone, P., Moral Alvarez, S., Gonzalez Perez, M., Ceballos Esparragon, J., & Marini, C. (2017). Pancreatic Trauma: Management and Literature Review. Cirugia Espanola, 95 (3), 123-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ciresp.2016.05.011