Neuraxial analgesia is one of the most popular and effective forms of pain relief for labor and childbirth used by more than 50% of women in North America. Despite the standard use of the procedure, there is much that is still inconclusive about the side effects on mother and baby. Current studies show it has an impact on some outcomes and seemingly no effect on others. While the extent of the impact is still unclear, there are some adverse side effects of neuraxial analgesia, which include instrumental deliveries, respiratory distress and lower Apgar scores. Further research is required to conclude how and to what extent neuraxial analgesia impacts mother and baby.
Falkowvsky, T. L. (2018). Neuraxial Analgesia and its Effects on Neonatal and Maternal Outcomes. The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences, 12(1). Retrieved from https://touroscholar.touro.edu/sjlcas/vol12/iss1/5