Clostridium difficile bacteria (C. difficile) are a spore-forming species of bacteria that lies dormant in the colon, in the presence of normal intestinal flora. Due to overuse of certain antibiotics, normal intestinal bacteria may be depleted, and combined with other possible risk factors, allow C. difficile bacterial spores to develop into active, infectious, and extremely resistant toxin-producing bacteria. The toxins cause severe damage and inflammation to the intestinal wall that can result in gastrointestinal discomfort and severe pseudomembranous enterocolitis that must be treated with a low-risk C. difficile targeting defense.
Borger, R. H. (2010). Clostridium Difficile Associated Disease (CDAD). The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences, 3 (1). Retrieved from https://touroscholar.touro.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1172&context=sjlcas