Neuroblastoma Patients and KIR and KIR-Ligand Genotypes Influence Clinical Outcome for Dinutuximab-based Immunotherapy: A Report from the Children's Oncology Group
Purpose: In 2010, a Children's Oncology Group (COG) phase III randomized trial for patients with high-risk neuroblastoma (ANBL0032) demonstrated improved event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) following treatment with an immunotherapy regimen of dinutuximab, GM-CSF, IL2, and isotretinoin compared with treatment with isotretinoin alone. Dinutuximab, a chimeric anti-GD2 monoclonal antibody, acts in part via natural killer (NK) cells. Killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) on NK cells and their interactions with KIR-ligands can influence NK cell function. We investigated whether KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes were associated with EFS or OS in this trial.Experimental Design: We genotyped patients from COG study ANBL0032 and evaluated the effect of KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes on clinical outcomes. Cox regression models and log-rank tests were used to evaluate associations of EFS and OS with KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes.Results: In this trial, patients with the "all KIR-ligands present" genotype as well as patients with inhibitory KIR2DL2 with its ligand (HLA-C1) together with inhibitory KIR3DL1 with its ligand (HLA-Bw4) were associated with improved outcome if they received immunotherapy. In contrast, for patients with the complementary KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes, clinical outcome was not significantly different for patients who received immunotherapy versus those receiving isotretinoin alone.Conclusions: These data show that administration of immunotherapy is associated with improved outcome for neuroblastoma patients with certain KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes, although this was not seen for patients with other KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes. Further investigation of KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes may clarify their role in cancer immunotherapy and may enable KIR/KIR-ligand genotyping to be used prospectively for identifying patients likely to benefit from certain cancer immunotherapy regimens. Clin Cancer Res; 24(1); 189-96. (c)2017 AACRSee related commentary by Cheung and Hsu, p. 3.
Erbe, A., Wang, W., Song, Y., Hess, D., Gillies, S., Ozkaynak, M., & Sondel, P. (2018). Neuroblastoma Patients and KIR and KIR-Ligand Genotypes Influence Clinical Outcome for Dinutuximab-based Immunotherapy: A Report from the Children's Oncology Group. Clinical Cancer Research, 24 (1), 189-196. https://doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-17-1767