NYMC Faculty Publications

Title

Neuroblastoma Patients and KIR and KIR-Ligand Genotypes Influence Clinical Outcome for Dinutuximab-based Immunotherapy: A Report from the Children's Oncology Group

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2018

Department

Pediatrics

Abstract

Purpose: In 2010, a Children's Oncology Group (COG) phase III randomized trial for patients with high-risk neuroblastoma (ANBL0032) demonstrated improved event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) following treatment with an immunotherapy regimen of dinutuximab, GM-CSF, IL2, and isotretinoin compared with treatment with isotretinoin alone. Dinutuximab, a chimeric anti-GD2 monoclonal antibody, acts in part via natural killer (NK) cells. Killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) on NK cells and their interactions with KIR-ligands can influence NK cell function. We investigated whether KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes were associated with EFS or OS in this trial.Experimental Design: We genotyped patients from COG study ANBL0032 and evaluated the effect of KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes on clinical outcomes. Cox regression models and log-rank tests were used to evaluate associations of EFS and OS with KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes.Results: In this trial, patients with the "all KIR-ligands present" genotype as well as patients with inhibitory KIR2DL2 with its ligand (HLA-C1) together with inhibitory KIR3DL1 with its ligand (HLA-Bw4) were associated with improved outcome if they received immunotherapy. In contrast, for patients with the complementary KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes, clinical outcome was not significantly different for patients who received immunotherapy versus those receiving isotretinoin alone.Conclusions: These data show that administration of immunotherapy is associated with improved outcome for neuroblastoma patients with certain KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes, although this was not seen for patients with other KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes. Further investigation of KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes may clarify their role in cancer immunotherapy and may enable KIR/KIR-ligand genotyping to be used prospectively for identifying patients likely to benefit from certain cancer immunotherapy regimens. Clin Cancer Res; 24(1); 189-96. (c)2017 AACRSee related commentary by Cheung and Hsu, p. 3.

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Complete list of authors:

Amy K. Erbe, Wei Wang, Lakeesha Carmichael, KyungMann Kim, Eneida A. Mendonca, Yiqiang Song, Dustin Hess, Patrick K. Reville, Wendy B. London, Arlene Naranjo, Jacquelyn A. Hank, Mitchell B. Diccianni, Ralph A. Reisfeld, Stephen D. Gillies, Katherine K. Matthay, Susan L. Cohn, Michael D. Hogarty, John M. Maris, Julie R. Park, Mehmet Fevzi Ozkaynak, Andrew L. Gilman, Alice L. Yu, Paul M. Sondel

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