NYMC Faculty Publications

Title

Seroreactivity to the C6 Peptide in Borrelia miyamotoi Infections Occurring in the Northeastern United States

First Page

1407

Last Page

1410

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

April 2018

Department

Medicine

Abstract

Background: There are no US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved diagnostic tests for Borrelia miyamotoi infection, an emerging tick-borne illness in the United States. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the FDA-approved C6 peptide enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) currently used to diagnose Lyme disease may potentially serve as a diagnostic test for B. miyamotoi infections. Methods: Serum specimens from 30 patients from the northeastern United States with B. miyamotoi infection established by a polymerase chain reaction assay of a blood specimen were tested using the C6 ELISA. To reduce confounding with Borrelia burgdorferi coinfection, 6 sera were excluded: 3 from patients with a positive Western immunoblot for antibodies to B. burgdorferi and 3 from patients for whom immunoblot testing had not been performed. Results: Twenty-two of 24 (91.7% [95% confidence interval, 73.0%-98.8%]) evaluable B. miyamotoi patients were C6 ELISA reactive, principally on a convalescent-phase serum specimen. C6 ELISA index values were often well above the positive cutoff value of 1.1, exceeding 4 in 11 of the 22 (50.0%) C6 ELISA-reactive patients. Conclusions: Although previously regarded as a highly specific test for Lyme disease, the C6 ELISA is also regularly reactive on convalescent-phase serum samples of patients from the northeastern United States with B. miyamotoi infection.

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