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Aortitis includes a broad range of disorders involving inflammation of the aorta. While most forms of aortitis can be linked to a specific cause, patients with idiopathic aortitis (IDA), are asymptomatic and usually diagnosed after surgical removal. The specific pathophysiology is not well understood, but can be strongly associated with tobacco smoking, young age at presentation, and family history of aortic aneurysm. Wall thickening is the most common physical characteristic of aortitis, and the inflammation can affect any layer of the aorta. The normal wall thickness of the aorta is less than 4 mm and can be as thick as 9 mm. Few studies document a correlation between wall thickness and the severity of aortitis. This paper presents a unique case of severe aortic aneurysm associated with an abnormal thickening of the ascending aorta.


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Originally published in Annals of Translational Medicine. Licensed under CC-BY 4.0. https://doi.org/10.21037/atm.2016.11.14

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