We report an unusual case of severe diarrhea related to Blastocystis sp. infection in a patient with end stage renal disease on hemodialysis. The patient was admitted due to profuse diarrhea associated with fever and leukocytosis. Pertinent stool work-up such as leukocytes in stool, stool culture, clostridium difficile toxin B PCR, and serology for hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C and cytomegalovirus screening were all negative. Ova and parasite stool examination revealed Blastocystis sp. The patient was given intravenous metronidazole with clinical improvement by day three and total resolution of symptoms by day ten.
Gil, G. S., Chaudhari, S., Shady, A., Caballes, A., & Hong, J. (2016). Blastocystis sp. infection mimicking clostridium difficile colitis. Case Reports in Infectious Diseases, 2016, Art. ID: 7264387, 2 pages. doi:10.1155/2016/7264387