Novel Minimally Invasive Multi-Modality Monitoring Modalities in Neurocritical Care
Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) following brain injury contributes to poor outcomes for patients, primarily by reducing the caliber of cerebral vasculature, and thereby reducing cerebral blood flow. Careful monitoring of ICP is critical in these patients in order to determine prognosis, implement treatment when ICP becomes elevated, and to judge responsiveness to treatment. Currently, the gold standard for monitoring is invasive pressure transducers, usually an intraventricular monitor, which presents significant risk of infection and hemorrhage. These risks made discovering non-invasive methods for monitoring ICP and cerebral perfusion a priority for researchers. Herein we sought to review recent publications on novel minimally invasive multi-modality monitoring techniques that provide surrogate data on ICP, cerebral oxygenation, metabolism and blood flow. While limitations in various forms preclude them from supplanting the use of invasive monitors, these modalities represent useful screening tools within our armamentarium that may be invaluable when the risks of invasive monitoring outweigh the associated benefits.
Al-Mufti, F., Smith, B., Lander, M., Damodara, N., Nuoman, R., Amuluru, K., & Gandhi, C. (2018). Novel Minimally Invasive Multi-Modality Monitoring Modalities in Neurocritical Care. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 390, 184-192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2018.03.032.