Extravascular Blood Augments Myogenic Constriction of Cerebral Arterioles: Implications for Hemorrhage-Induced Vasospasm
BACKGROUND: Subarachnoid hemorrhage is a serious clinical condition that impairs local cerebral blood flow perfusion and consequently initiates neuronal dysfunction. Pressure-sensitive myogenic vasomotor regulation is an important mechanism involved in the regulation of cerebral blood flow. We hypothesized that extravascular hemolyzed blood enhances arteriolar myogenic constriction, which in vivo may contribute to the reduction of local cerebral blood flow after subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS AND RESULTS: Arterioles isolated from the middle cerebral artery (MCA arterioles) of mice were cannulated in a perfusion chamber. Arteriolar diameters in response to step increases in intraluminal pressure (20-120 mm Hg) were measured in various experimental conditions. In response to increases in intraluminal pressure, all MCA arterioles exhibited myogenic vasoconstrictions. Compared with controls, the pressure-induced constriction was significantly enhanced in arterioles (in vitro) exposed to extravascular hemolyzed blood or different concentrations of extracellular erythrocyte lysate (1%, 10%, and 20%) for different exposure durations (1-6 hours). The magnitude of enhancement was proportional to the lysate concentration and exposure duration. In in vivo experiments, 10 muL of autologous blood lysate were injected into the mouse subarachnoid space on the surface of the left MCA. Two hours later, MCA arterioles were isolated and left MCA arterioles displayed enhanced myogenic responses compared with the right MCA. The enhanced myogenic response was prevented by scavenge of superoxide in both in vitro and in vivo experiments. CONCLUSIONS: Extravascular hemolyzed blood, perhaps by promoting vascular production of superoxide, augments myogenic constriction of cerebral arterioles, which plays a crucial role in the subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced cerebral ischemia.
Deng, W., Kandhi, S., Zhang, B., Huang, A., Koller, A., & Sun, D. (2018). Extravascular Blood Augments Myogenic Constriction of Cerebral Arterioles: Implications for Hemorrhage-Induced Vasospasm. Journal of the American Heart Association, 7 (8), e008623. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.118.008623