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Biochemistry and Molecular Biology


Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PDL1) expressed in cancer cells interacting with its receptor programmed cell death 1 (PD1) expressed in immune cells represents a regulatory axis linked to the suppression and evasion of host immune functions. The blockade of PD1/PDL1 interaction using monoclonal antibodies has emerged as an effective therapy for several solid tumors; however, durable response has been observed in a subset of patients with PDL1-positive tumors. Thus, the understanding of the mechanisms responsible for the expression of PDL1 in tumor cells may help to improve the response to PDL1 blockade therapies. In this study, we investigated whether resveratrol, a grape-derived stilbenoid with immunoregulatory activity, modulates the expression of PDL1 in breast and colorectal cancer cells. The surface expression of PDL1 was determined by flow cytometry in cancer cells treated with resveratrol and/or piceatannol. Each stilbenoid alone induced PDL1 and when used in combination, elicited a synergistic upregulation of PDL1 in some cell lines. The induction of PDL1 by the combined use of stilbenoids was most pronounced in the Cal51 triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and SW620 colon cancer cells. The observed induction of PDL1 was transcriptionally mediated by nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB, as shown by NFkappaB reporter assays, the nuclear accumulation of the p65 subunit of NFkappaB, inhibition by the IKK inhibitor, BMS345541, and histone the modification inhibitors, resminostat, entinostat or anacardic acid. Combined treatment with resveratrol and piceatannol also decreased tumor cell survival as indicated by the upregulation of the DNA damaging marker, gammaH2AX, the cleavage of caspase 3, the downregulation of the survival markers, p38-MAPK/cMyc, and G1-to-S cell cycle arrest.

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Originally published in International Journal of Oncology, 53(4), 1469-1480. The original material can be found here.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.