Prostate Cancer Screening Trends After United States Preventative Services Task Force Guidelines in an Underserved Population
Purpose: Prostate cancer screening is a controversial topic. We examined trends in Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) testing in an underserved population before and after the United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation against screening. Methods: Data were collected on all PSA and cholesterol screening tests from 2008 to 2014. We examined the trend of these tests and prostate biopsies while comparing this data to lipid panel data to adjust for changes in patient population. Results: A decrease in PSA screening was observed from 2010 through 2014, with the greatest decline in 2012. The age group most affected was patients aged 55-69 years. The amount of prostate biopsies during this period decreased as well. Conclusions: Decreased rates of PSA screening were observed in our urban hospital population that preceded the publication of the USPSTF guidelines. The incidence of prostate biopsies decreased in this timeframe. It now remains to be demonstrated whether decreased PSA screening rates impact the diagnosis of and ultimately the survival from prostate cancer.
Patel, N., Bloom, J., Hillelsohn, J., Fullerton, S., Allman, D., Matthews, G., Eshghi, M., & Phillips, J. (2018). Prostate Cancer Screening Trends After United States Preventative Services Task Force Guidelines in an Underserved Population. Health Equity, 2 (1), 55-61. https://doi.org/10.1089/heq.2018.0004