EET Enhances Renal Function in Obese Mice Resulting in Restoration of HO-1-Mfn1/2 Signaling, and Decrease in Hypertension Through Inhibition of Sodium Chloride Co-Transporter
BACKGROUND: We have previously reported that epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) has multiple beneficial effects on renal and adipose tissue function, in addition to its vasodilatory action; it increases insulin sensitivity and inhibits inflammation. In an examination of the signaling mechanisms by which EET reduces renal and peri-renal fat function, we hypothesized that EET ameliorates obesity-induced renal dysfunction by improving sodium excretion, reducing the sodium-chloride cotransporter NCC, lowering blood pressure, and enhancing mitochondrial and thermogenic gene levels in PGC-1alpha dependent mice. METHODS: EET-agonist treatment normalized glucose metabolism, renal ENaC and NCC protein expression, urinary sodium excretion and blood pressure in obese (db/db) mice. A marked improvement in mitochondrial integrity, thermogenic genes, and PGC-1alpha-HO-1-adiponectin signaling occurred. Knockout of PGC-1alpha in EET-treated mice resulted in a reversal of these beneficial effects including a decrease in sodium excretion, elevation of blood pressure and an increase in the pro-inflammatory adipokine nephroblastoma overexpressed gene (NOV). In the elucidation of the effects of EET on peri-renal adipose tissue, EET increased adiponectin, mitochondrial integrity, thermogenic genes and decreased NOV, i.e. "Browning' peri-renal adipose phenotype that occurs under high fat diets. Taken together, these data demonstrate a critical role of an EET agonist in the restoration of healthy adipose tissue with reduced release of inflammatory molecules, such as AngII and NOV, thereby preventing their detrimental impact on sodium absorption and NCC levels and the development of obesity-induced renal dysfunction.
Schragenheim, J., Bellner, L., Cao, J., Singh, S., Bamshad, D., McClung, J., Maayan, O., Meissner, A., Grant, I., Stier Jr., C., & Abraham, N. (2018). EET Enhances Renal Function in Obese Mice Resulting in Restoration of HO-1-Mfn1/2 Signaling, and Decrease in Hypertension Through Inhibition of Sodium Chloride Co-Transporter. Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators, 137, 30-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prostaglandins.2018.05.008