Rescue Therapy for Procedural Complications Associated With Deployment of Flow-Diverting Devices in Cerebral Aneurysms
Flow diverting devices (FDDs) have revolutionized the treatment of morphologically complex intracranial aneurysms such as wide-necked, giant, or fusiform aneurysms. Although FDDs are extremely effective, they carry a small yet significant risk of intraprocedural complications. As the implementation of these devices increases, the ability to predict and rapidly treat complications, especially those that are iatrogenic or intraprocedural in nature, is becoming increasingly more necessary.Our objective in this paper is to provide a descriptive summary of the various types of intraprocedural complications that may occur during FDDs deployment and how they may best be treated. A systematic and qualitative review of the literature was conducted using electronic databases MEDLINE and Google Scholar. Searches consisted of Boolean operators "AND" and "OR" for the following terms in different combinations: "aneurysm," "endovascular," "flow diverter," "intracranial," and "pipeline."A total of 94 papers were included in our analysis; approximately 87 of these papers dealt with periprocedural endovascular (mainly related to FDDs) complications and their treatment; 7 studies concerned background material. The main categories of periprocedural complications encountered during deployment of FDDs are failure of occlusion, parent vessel injury and/or rupture, spontaneous intraparenchymal hemorrhage, migration or malposition of the FDDs, thromboembolic or ischemic events, and side branch occlusionPeriprocedural complications occur mainly due to thromboembolic events or mechanical issues related to device deployment and placement. With increasing use and expanding versatility of FDDs, the understanding of these complications is vital in order to effectively manage such situations in a timely manner.
Al-Mufti, F., Amuluru, K., Cohen, E., Patel, V., El-Ghanem, M., Wajswol, E., Dodson, V., Al-Marsoummi, S., Majmundar, N., Dangayach, N., Nuoman, R., & Gandhi, C. (2018). Rescue Therapy for Procedural Complications Associated With Deployment of Flow-Diverting Devices in Cerebral Aneurysms. Operative Neurosurgery, 15 (6), 624-633. https://doi.org/10.1093/ons/opy020