Borrelia Burgdorferi ftsZ Plays a Role in Cell Division
Microbiology and Immunology
ftsZ is essential for cell division in many microorganisms. In Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis, FtsZ plays a role in ring formation at the leading edge of the cell division septum. An ftsZ homologue is present in the Borrelia burgdorferi genome (ftsZ(Bbu)). Its gene product (FtsZ(Bbu)) is strongly homologous to other bacterial FtsZ proteins, but its function has not been established. Because loss-of-function mutants of ftsZ(Bbu) might be lethal, the tetR/tetO system was adapted for regulated control of this gene in B. burgdorferi. Sixty-two nucleotides of an ftsZ(Bbu) antisense DNA sequence under the control of a tetracycline-responsive modified hybrid borrelial promoter were cloned into pKFSS1. This construct was electroporated into a B. burgdorferi host strain carrying a chromosomally located tetR under the control of the B. burgdorferi flaB promoter. After induction by anhydrotetracycline, expression of antisense ftsZ RNA resulted in generation of filamentous B. burgdorferi that were unable to divide and grew more slowly than uninduced cells. To determine whether FtsZ(Bbu) could interfere with the function of E. coli FtsZ, ftsZ(Bbu) was amplified from chromosomal DNA and placed under the control of the tetracycline-regulated hybrid promoter. After introduction of the construct into E. coli and induction with anhydrotetracycline, overexpression of ftsZ(Bbu) generated a filamentous phenotype. This suggested interference of ftsZ(Bbu) with E. coli FtsZ function and confirmed the role of ftsZ(Bbu) in cell division. This is the first report of the generation of a B. burgdorferi conditional lethal mutant equivalent by tetracycline-controlled expression of antisense RNA.
Dubytska, L., Godfrey, H., & Cabello, F. (2006). Borrelia Burgdorferi ftsZ Plays a Role in Cell Division. Journal of Bacteriology, 188 (5), 1969-1978. https://doi.org/10.1128/JB.188.5.1969-1978.2006