NYMC Faculty Publications


Concurrent Production of Macrophage Agglutination Factor and Factor VII by Antigen-Stimulated Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells

Document Type


Publication Date

January 1986




We have studied concurrent production of macrophage agglutination factor (MAggF) and procoagulant activity by antigen-stimulated human blood mononuclear cells to gain insight into biochemical mechanisms underlying delayed hypersensitivity inflammatory reactions. After stimulation of cells from tuberculin-sensitive donors with tuberculin, MAggF was present in culture supernatants while the overwhelming majority of procoagulant activity remained cell-associated. Neither MAggF nor procoagulant activity was found in reconstituted control cultures, nor in tuberculin-stimulated cultures of non-sensitive cells. Concanavalin A and lipopolysaccharide elicited both activities from cultured mononuclear cells, regardless of donor sensitivity. Human MAggF bound to insolubilized gelatin, heparin and a monoclonal anti-fibronectin (FN) antibody, and its activity was inhibited by another monoclonal antibody directed against the gelatin-binding domain of FN. Treatment of indicator peritoneal exudate cells with monoclonal anti-FN receptor antibody inhibited their response to human MAggF. These results suggest that human MAggF, like the analogous guinea-pig activity, is FN-associated. Antigen-elicited procoagulant activity shortened the recalcification time of normal, factor VII- and factor IX-deficient plasma, partially corrected prothrombin times of factor VII-deficient plasma, had no effect on recalcification and prothrombin items of factor X- and factor V-deficient plasma, and was inhibited by specific anti-factor VII antibody. Thus, human mononuclear cell procoagulant consists of both tissue factor and factor VII, whether it is induced by antigen or mitogen. Antigen-stimulated blood mononuclear cells are able to provide a signal for local fibrin deposition and a protein mediating fibrin binding to mononuclear phagocytes and collagen at sites of delayed hypersensitivity reactions.