Treatment of Heart Failure with Abnormal Left Ventricular Systolic Function in Older Adults
Heart failure (HF) with abnormal left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction should be identified and treated. Treat hypertension with diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and β-blockers. Treat myocardial ischemia with nitrates and β-blockers. Treat volume overload and HF with diuretics. Treat HF with ACE inhibitors and β-blockers. Sacubitril/valsartan may be used instead of an ACE inhibitor or ARB in chronic symptomatic HF and abnormal LV ejection fraction. Add isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine in African Americans with class II to IV HF treated with diuretics, ACE inhibitors, and β-blockers. Exercise training is recommended. Indications for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator and cardiac resynchronization therapy are discussed.
Aronow, W. S. (2017). Treatment of Heart Failure with Abnormal Left Ventricular Systolic Function in Older Adults. Heart Failure Clinics, 13 (3), 467-483. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hfc.2017.02.004
Originally published in Heart Failure Clinics. The original material can be found here.