NYMC Faculty Publications


A Translational EEG-Based Approach to Assess Modulation of Long-Lasting NMDAR-Dependent Synaptic Plasticity

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December 2019


Cell Biology and Anatomy


BACKGROUND: NYX-2925 is a novel N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) modulator that has been shown to facilitate both NMDAR-dependent long-term potentiation (LTP) in vitro and learning and memory in vivo. OBJECTIVE: The present studies examine the effects of NYX-2925 on NMDAR-dependent auditory LTP (aLTP) in vivo. METHODS: NMDAR-dependent aLTP and NMDAR-dependent auditory mismatch negativity (MMN) was measured, as well as changes in resting-state qEEG power. RESULTS: NYX-2925 (1, 10 mg/kg PO) increased aLTP 1 h after auditory tetanus measured by the post- minus pre-tetanus difference waveform 140-180 ms post tone onset. NYX-2925 (0.1, 1 mg/kg PO) facilitated MMN measured by the difference waveform (i.e., deviant minus standard tones). NYX-2925 (0.1, 1, 10 mg/kg PO) also enhanced resting-state alpha qEEG power. Conversely, the NMDAR glutamate site antagonist CPP (10 mg/kg IP) reduces alpha power and MMN and produces an opposite effect as NYX-2925 on aLTP. CONCLUSIONS: Together, these data suggest that the activation of the NMDAR by NYX-2925 enhances synaptic plasticity in vivo, which may both reduce symptoms of neurological disorders and serve as a biomarker for drug effects. This is the first demonstration of a long-lasting (1-h post-tetanus) effect of NMDAR modulation on synaptic plasticity processes in vivo using a noninvasive technique in freely behaving animals.