Lifestyle Characteristics of Parental Electronic Cigarette and Marijuana Users: Healthy or Not?
Objective To assess lifestyle characteristics among parental electronic cigarette (e-cigarette), marijuana and tobacco users. Methods A total of 1214 parents (77% mothers and 23% fathers) were surveyed and categorized into five exposure groups: e-cigarette use only (1%), marijuana use only (3%), tobacco products only (10%), multi-exposed [11% (marijuana, e-cigarette and tobacco)], and non-users [75% (no e-cigarette, tobacco or marijuana)]. Results Similar to non-users, the e-cigarette group had no illicit drug use. Further, e-cigarette users were more likely, in adjusted models, to self-identify as non-smokers and exercise compared with tobacco and multi-exposed groups. Although marijuana users also had higher odds of self-identifying as non-smokers compared to tobacco and multi-exposed groups, they were more likely than non-users to drink alcohol. Conclusion E-cigarette and marijuana using parents were less likely to identify as smokers. E-cigarette users had healthier lifestyle characteristics than the other exposed groups. Clinicians should consider specifically screening for parental e-cigarette and marijuana use as assessing for only "smoking" may underrepresent first-and second-hand exposure. Additionally, clinicians should be aware that marijuana using parents are more likely to drink alcohol and should counsel accordingly.
Wanasinghe, D., Shah, S., Aboudi, D., Mikkilineni, S., Shyong, O., & Brumberg, H. (2019). Lifestyle Characteristics of Parental Electronic Cigarette and Marijuana Users: Healthy or Not?. Journal of Perinatal Medicine, 48 (1), 59-66. https://doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2019-0392