Combined Effects of Cholecystokinin-8 and Gastric Distension on Food Intake in Humans
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In a previous study (Kissileff HR, Carretta JC, Geliebter A, Pi-Sunyer FX. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 285: R992-R998, 2003), when subthreshold gastric distension (300 ml) and a low dose of cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) (112 ng/min for 21 min) were concurrently administered to human participants, intake of a test meal was significantly reduced. However, the supra-additive interaction of CCK-8 and gastric distension was not significant. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether a significant interaction would be obtained when CCK-8 and gastric distension were each increased by 50% above levels used in the previous study. Twelve normal-weight, healthy participants were tested four times each with either CCK-8 (168 ng/min for 30 min) or saline infusion crossed with gastric distension (450 ml) or no distension. The combination of CCK-8 and gastric distension reduced food intake by a mean of 405 +/- 86 g (SE) in comparison with the saline nondistension condition (P < 0.001), which is a 51% reduction. Although there were some differences in the protocols, the combined effect was double that seen in the previous study. Although the interactive effect was larger [118 +/- 109 g (SE)] than it was previously [73 +/- 86 (SE)], it was not significant (P = 0.29). There were also reports of a short-lived sick feeling after CCK-8, with and without distension, that was not observed in the previous study. Thus the combination of CCK-8 at 1.5 times threshold and gastric distension at 450 ml (increased from 300 ml) resulted in a combined effect to reduce food intake, which was also 1.5 times its previous value, and thus appears linear.
Kissileff, H. R., & Geliebter, A. (2019). Combined Effects of Cholecystokinin-8 and Gastric Distension on Food Intake in Humans. American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 317 (1), 39-48. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00339.2018