NYMC Faculty Publications

Title

Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) of Neural Responses to Visual and Auditory Food Stimuli Pre and Post Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) and Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG).

Additional Author Affiliation

Touro College

First Page

290

Last Page

298

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-15-2019

Department

Pediatrics

Abstract

Of current obesity treatments, bariatric surgery induces the most weight loss. Given the marked increase in the number of bariatric surgeries performed, elucidating the mechanisms of action is a key research goal. We compared whole brain activation in response to high-energy dense (HED) vs. low-energy dense (LED) visual and auditory food cues before and approximately 4 months after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) (n = 16) and Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) (n = 9). We included two control groups: a low-calorie diet weight loss group (WL) (n = 14) and a non-treatment group (NT) (n = 16). Relative to the control groups, the surgery groups showed increased dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) and decreased parahippocampal/fusiform gyrus (PHG/fusiform) activation in response to HED vs. LED, suggesting greater cognitive dietary inhibition and decreased rewarding effects and attention related to HED foods. dlPFC activation was significantly more increased in RYGB vs. SG. We also found that postprandial increases in GLP-1 concentrations (pre to postsurgery) correlated with postsurgical decreases in RYGB brain activity in the inferior temporal gyrus and the right middle occipital gyrus in addition to increases in the right medial prefrontal gyrus/paracingulate for HED > LED stimuli, suggesting involvement of these attention and inhibitory regions in satiety signaling postsurgery.

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