Prognostic Significance of Diastolic Dysfunction With Multiple Comorbidities in Heart Failure Patients
Background Heart failure poses a significant burden on health care and economy. In recent years, diastolic dysfunction has been increasingly recognized as a significant predictor of readmission in heart failure patients. Objectives We aimed to identify factors predicting readmission in patients with clinical heart failure at 30 days and six months. Methods A retrospective chart review was performed at a single urban medical center, including 208 patients in our final analysis. Results A higher Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) and moderate anemia (hemoglobin [Hb] < 10 g/dL) were significant predictors of readmission at both 30 days and six months. In addition, advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage (4 or 5) and follow-up in a cardiology clinic were significant predictors at six months. During multivariate analysis, worsening diastolic dysfunction (grade 3 or 4) (OR: 2.09; 95% CI: 1.03 to 4.23), higher CCI (OR: 1.18; 95% CI: 1.03-1.36), and Hb < 10 g/dL (OR: 3.42; 95% CI: 1.44-8.13) were independent predictors of readmission at 30 days. Higher CCI (OR: 1.37; 95% CI: 1.19-1.58) and CKD stage 4 or 5 (OR: 3.05; 95% CI: 1.40-6.62) were independent predictors of readmission at six months. Conclusions Worse diastolic dysfunction (grade 3 or 4) was a significant predictor of all-cause readmission at 30 days post-discharge in heart failure patients. Higher CCI precisely predicted readmission as an independent variable at 30 days and six months. Anemia (Hb < 10 g/dL) and CKD stage 4 or 5 were significant predictors of readmission at 30-days and six months, respectively.
Mann, B., Bhandohal, J. S., & Mushiyev, S. (2020). Prognostic Significance of Diastolic Dysfunction With Multiple Comorbidities in Heart Failure Patients. Cureus, 12 (5), 8297-8297. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8297