NYMC Faculty Publications


Acute Myocardial Infarction in the Young with Diabetes Mellitus- National Inpatient Sample Study with Sex-Based Difference in Outcomes

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BACKGROUND: Mortality after AMI is on the decreasing trend; however, this favorable trend is not observed in the young, especially women. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective analysis using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to identify sex-based outcomes following AMI in young with diabetes.

METHODS: NIS 2010-2014 was used to identify all patients with AMI using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes. Men (N = 30,950) and women (N = 17,928) patients diagnosed with diabetes were identified and stratified as young if age >18 and <45 >years.

RESULTS: Young women with AMI and concomitant diabetes having a higher burden of overall traditional and non-traditional comorbidities. NSTEMI was the major presentation in women as compared to men. Young women with AMI and concomitant diabetes were less likely to receive revascularization with PCI [51.1% vs. 58.2%; OR 0.86, CI 0.78-0.94] or CABG [7.9% vs. 10.1%; OR 0.64, CI 0.54-0.75]. Adjusted all-cause in-hospital mortality did not differ significantly between the two groups [OR 1.06, CI 0.74-1.52]. Women had lower odds of developing cardiogenic shock, ventricular arrhythmias, and AKI, and were more likely to develop major bleeding requiring transfusion, and mitral regurgitation.

CONCLUSION: There were significant differences between young men and women with diabetes in terms of baseline characteristics and clinical presentation, use of revascularization, and cardiac complications, yet overall, in-hospital mortality does not appear to differ. More studies are needed to identify the interaction of sex and diabetes in young AMI population, and areas for practice improvement.