Deletion of Renal Nedd4-2 Abolishes the Effect of High K+ Intake on Kir4.1/Kir5.1 and NCC Activity in the Distal Convoluted Tubule
High-dietary K+ (HK) intake inhibits basolateral Kir4.1/Kir5.1 activity in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT), and HK-induced inhibition of Kir4.1/Kir5.1 is essential for HK-induced inhibition of NaCl cotransporter (NCC). Here, we examined whether neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated 4-2 (Nedd4-2) deletion compromises the effect of HK on basolateral Kir4.1/Kir5.1 and NCC in the DCT. Single-channel recording and whole cell recording showed that neither HK decreased nor low-dietary K+ (LK) increased basolateral Kir4.1/Kir5.1 activity of the DCT in kidney tubule-specific Nedd4-2 knockout (Ks-Nedd4-2 KO) mice. In contrast, HK inhibited and LK increased Kir4.1/Kir5.1 activity in control mice [neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated 4-like (Nedd4l)flox/flox]. Also, HK intake decreased the negativity of K+ current reversal potential in the DCT (depolarization) only in control mice but not in Ks-Nedd4-2 KO mice. Renal clearance experiments showed that HK intake decreased, whereas LK intake increased, hydrochlorothiazide-induced renal Na+ excretion only in control mice, but this effect was absent in Ks-Nedd4-2 KO mice. Western blot analysis also demonstrated that HK-induced inhibition of phosphorylated NCC (Thr53) and total NCC was observed only in control mice but not in Ks-Nedd4-2 KO mice. Furthermore, expression of all three subunits of the epithelial Na+ channel in Ks-Nedd4-2 KO mice on HK was higher than in control mice. Thus, plasma K+ concentrations were similar between Nedd4lflox/flox and Ks-Nedd4-2 KO mice on HK for 7 days despite high NCC expression. We conclude that Nedd4-2 plays a role in regulating HK-induced inhibition of Kir4.1/Kir5.1 and NCC in the DCT.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Basolateral Kir4.1/Kir5.1 in the distal convoluted tubule plays an important role as a "K+ sensor" in the regulation of renal K+ excretion after high K+ intake. We found that neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated 4-2 (Nedd4-2) a role in mediating the effect of K+ diet on Kir4.1/Kir5.1 and NaCl cotransporter because high K+ intake failed to inhibit basolateral Kir4.1/Kir5.1 and NaCl cotransporter in kidney tubule-specific Nedd4-2 knockout mice.
Xiao, Y., Duan, X., Zhang, D., Wang, W., & Lin, D. (2021). Deletion of Renal Nedd4-2 Abolishes the Effect of High K+ Intake on Kir4.1/Kir5.1 and NCC Activity in the Distal Convoluted Tubule. American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology, 321 (1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00072.2021