Deletion of Renal Nedd4-2 Abolishes the Effect of High Sodium Intake (HS) on Kir4.1, ENaC, and NCC and Causes Hypokalemia During High HS
Neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated protein 4-2 (Nedd4-2) regulates the expression of Kir4.1, thiazide-sensitive NaCl cotransporter (NCC), and epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) in the aldosterone-sensitive distal nephron (ASDN), and Nedd4-2 deletion causes salt-sensitive hypertension. We now examined whether Nedd4-2 deletion compromises the effect of high-salt (HS) diet on Kir4.1, NCC, ENaC, and renal K+ excretion. Immunoblot analysis showed that HS diet decreased the expression of Kir4.1, Ca2+-activated large-conductance K+ channel subunit-α (BKα), ENaCβ, ENaCγ, total NCC, and phospho-NCC (at Thr53) in floxed neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated gene 4-like (Nedd4lfl/fl) mice, whereas these effects were absent in kidney-specific Nedd4-2 knockout (Ks-Nedd4-2 KO) mice. Renal clearance experiments also demonstrated that Nedd4-2 deletion abolished the inhibitory effect of HS diet on hydrochlorothiazide-induced natriuresis. Patch-clamp experiments showed that neither HS diet nor low-salt diet had an effect on Kir4.1/Kir5.1 currents of the distal convoluted tubule in Nedd4-2-deficient mice, whereas we confirmed that HS diet inhibited and low-salt diet increased Kir4.1/Kir5.1 activity in Nedd4lflox/flox mice. Nedd4-2 deletion increased ENaC currents in the ASDN, and this increase was more robust in the cortical collecting duct than in the distal convoluted tubule. Also, HS-induced inhibition of ENaC currents in the ASDN was absent in Nedd4-2-deficient mice. Renal clearance experiments showed that HS intake for 2 wk increased the basal level of renal K+ excretion and caused hypokalemia in Ks-Nedd4-2-KO mice but not in Nedd4lflox/flox mice. In contrast, plasma Na+ concentrations were similar in Nedd4lflox/flox and Ks-Nedd4-2 KO mice on HS diet. We conclude that Nedd4-2 plays an important role in mediating the inhibitory effect of HS diet on Kir4.1, ENaC, and NCC and is essential for maintaining normal renal K+ excretion and plasma K+ ranges during long-term HS diet.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The present study suggests that Nedd4-2 is involved in mediating the inhibitory effect of high salt (HS) diet on Kir4.1/kir5.1 in the distal convoluted tubule, NaCl cotransporter function, and epithelial Na+ channel activity and that Nedd4-2 plays an essential role in maintaining K+ homeostasis in response to a long-term HS diet. This suggests the possibility that HS intake could lead to hypokalemia in subjects lacking proper Nedd4-2 E3 ubiquitin ligase activity in aldosterone-sensitive distal nephron.
Zhang, D., Duan, X., Xiao, Y., Wu, P., Gao, Z., Wang, W., & Lin, D. (2021). Deletion of Renal Nedd4-2 Abolishes the Effect of High Sodium Intake (HS) on Kir4.1, ENaC, and NCC and Causes Hypokalemia During High HS. American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology, 320 (5), 883-896. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00555.2020