Association of Baseline Frailty Status and Age with Postoperative Morbidity and Mortality Following Intracranial Meningioma Resection
PURPOSE: Although numerous studies have established advanced patient age as a risk factor for poor outcomes following intracranial meningioma resection, large-scale evaluation of frailty for preoperative risk assessment has yet to be examined.
METHODS: Weighted discharge data from the National Inpatient Sample were queried for adult patients undergoing benign intracranial meningioma resection from 2015 to 2018. Complex samples multivariable logistic regression models and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis were performed to evaluate adjusted associations and discrimination of frailty, quantified using the 11-factor modified frailty index (mFI), for clinical endpoints.
RESULTS: Among 20,250 patients identified (mean age 60.6 years), 35.4% (n = 7170) were robust (mFI = 0), 34.5% (n = 6985) pre-frail (mFI = 1), 20.1% (n = 4075) frail (mFI = 2), and 10.0% (n = 2020) severely frail (mFI ≥ 3). On univariable analysis, these sub-cohorts stratified by increasing frailty were significantly associated with the development of Clavien-Dindo grade IV (life-threatening) complications (inclusive of those resulting in mortality) (1.3% vs. 3.1% vs. 6.5% vs. 9.4%, p < 0.001) and extended length of stay (eLOS) (15.4% vs. 22.5% vs. 29.3% vs. 37.4%, p < 0.001). Following multivariable analysis, increasing frailty (aOR 1.40, 95% CI 1.17, 1.68, p < 0.001) and age (aOR 1.20, 95% CI 1.05, 1.38, p = 0.009) were both independently associated with development of life-threatening complications or mortality, whereas increasing frailty (aOR 1.20, 95% CI 1.10, 1.32, p < 0.001), but not age, was associated with eLOS. Frailty (by mFI-11) achieved superior discrimination in comparison to age for both endpoints (AUC 0.69 and 0.61, respectively).
CONCLUSION: Frailty may be more accurate than advanced patient age alone for prognostication of adverse events and outcomes following intracranial meningioma resection.
Dicpinigaitis, A. J., Kazim, S., Schmidt, M. H., Couldwell, W. T., Theriault, B., Gandhi, C. D., Hanft, S., Al-Mufti, F., & Bowers, C. A. (2021). Association of Baseline Frailty Status and Age with Postoperative Morbidity and Mortality Following Intracranial Meningioma Resection. Journal of Neuro-Oncology, 155 (1), 45-52. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11060-021-03841-4