Incidence of Neo-Intimal Hyperplasia in Anterior Circulation Aneurysms Following Pipeline Flow Diversion
INTRODUCTION: Flow diversion of the distal anterior circulation cerebral vasculature may be used for management of wide necked aneurysms not amenable to other endovascular approaches. Follow-up angiography sometimes demonstrates neo-intimal hyperplasia within or adjacent to the stent, however there is limited evidence in the literature examining the incidence in MCA and ACA aneurysms. We present our experience with flow diversion of the distal vasculature and evaluate the incidence of neo-intimal hyperplasia.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of patients who underwent Pipeline embolization device (PED) treatment for ruptured and unruptured anterior circulation aneurysms.
RESULTS: A total of 251 anterior circulation aneurysms were treated by pipeline flow diversion, of which 175 were ICA aneurysms, 14 were ACA aneurysms and 18 were MCA aneurysms. 6-month follow-up angiography was available in 207 patients. The incidence of neo-intimal hyperplasia was 15.9%, 21.4%, and 61.1% in ICA, ACA, and MCA aneurysms, respectively. MCA-territory aneurysms developed neo-intimal hyperplasia at a significantly higher rate than aneurysms in other vessel territories. Rates of aneurysmal occlusion did not significantly differ from those patients who did not exhibit intimal hyperplasia on follow-up angiography.
CONCLUSION: In our experience, flow diversion of distal wide-necked MCA and ACA aneurysms is a safe and effective treatment strategy. The presence of neo-intimal hyperplasia at 6-month angiography is typically clinically asymptomatic. Given the statistically higher rate of neo-intimal hyperplasia in MCA aneurysms at 6-month angiography, we propose delaying initial follow-up angiography to 12-months and maintaining dual antiplatelet therapy during that time.
Cooper, J. B., Greisman, J. D., Dakay, K., Kaur, G., Al-Mufti, F., Gandhi, C. D., & Santarelli, J. G. (2021). Incidence of Neo-Intimal Hyperplasia in Anterior Circulation Aneurysms Following Pipeline Flow Diversion. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 30 (7), 105794-105794. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2021.105794