Middle Meningeal Artery Embolization Using Combined Particle Embolization and n-BCA with the Dextrose 5% in Water Push Technique for Chronic Subdural Hematomas: A Prospective Safety and Feasibility Study
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Embolization of the middle meningeal artery for treatment of refractory or recurrent chronic subdural hematomas has gained momentum during the past few years. Little has been reported on the use of the
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We sought to examine the safety and technical feasibility of the diluted
RESULTS: A total of 16 patients were prospectively enrolled. Concomitant burr-hole craniotomies were performed in 12 of the 16 patients. Two patients required an operation following middle meningeal artery embolization for persistent symptoms. The primary end point was met in 100% of cases in which there were no intra- or postprocedural complications. Distal penetration of the middle meningeal artery branches was achieved in all the enrolled cases. A 7-day post-middle meningeal artery embolization follow-up head CT demonstrated improvement (>50% reduction in subdural hematoma volume) in 9/15 (60%) patients, with 6/15 (40%) showing an unchanged or stable subdural hematoma. At day 21, available CT scans demonstrated substantial further improvement (>75% reduction in subdural hematoma volume).
CONCLUSIONS: Embolization of the middle meningeal artery using diluted n-BCA and ethiodized oil (1:6) is safe and feasible from a technical standpoint. The use of a dextrose 5% bolus improves distal penetration of the glue.
Al-Mufti, F., Kaur, G., Amuluru, K., Cooper, J. B., Dakay, K., El-Ghanem, M., Pisapia, J., Muh, C., Tyagi, R., Bowers, C., Cole, C., Rosner, S., Santarelli, J., Mayer, S., & Gandhi, C. D. (2021). Middle Meningeal Artery Embolization Using Combined Particle Embolization and n-BCA with the Dextrose 5% in Water Push Technique for Chronic Subdural Hematomas: A Prospective Safety and Feasibility Study. AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 42 (5), 916-920. https://doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A7077