PEGylated Phthalocyanine-Functionalized Graphene Oxide with Ultrahigh-Efficient Photothermal Performance for Triple-Mode Antibacterial Therapy
Pathology, Microbiology & Immunology
This study proposes a novel multifunctional synergistic antibacterial phototherapy technique for the rapid healing of bacteria-infected wounds. By binding PEGylated phthalocyanines to the surface of graphene oxide via noncovalent functionalization, the photothermal conversion efficiency of the obtained nanocomposites can be significantly increased, which shows that the sample temperature can achieve nearly 100 °C after only 10 min of 450 nm light illumination at a concentration ≥25 μg/mL. Moreover, the nanocomposites can rapidly generate singlet oxygen under 680 nm light irradiation and physically cut bacterial cell membranes. The triple effects are expected to obtain a synergistic antibacterial efficiency and reduce the emergence of bacterial resistance. After dual-light irradiation for 10 min, the generation of hyperthermia and singlet oxygen can cause the death of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The results of an in vivo experiment revealed that the as-prepared nanocomposites combined with dual-light-triggered antibacterial therapy can effectively restrain the inflammatory reaction and accelerate the healing of bacteria-infected wounds. These were confirmed by the examination of pathological tissue sections and inflammatory factors in rats with bacteria-infected wounds. This nanotherapeutic platform is a potential photoactivated antimicrobial strategy for the prevention and treatment of bacterial infection.
Mei, L., Shi, Y., Cao, F., Liu, X., Li, X., Xu, Z., & Miao, Z. (2021). PEGylated Phthalocyanine-Functionalized Graphene Oxide with Ultrahigh-Efficient Photothermal Performance for Triple-Mode Antibacterial Therapy. ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering, 7 (6), 2638-2648. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsbiomaterials.1c00178