Review of the Metabolic Risk Factors for Increased Severity of Coronavirus Disease-2019
The coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has presented many new challenges to the healthcare community with the sheer number of individuals affected and the range of symptoms at presentation. Early findings have shown that increased age is an independent risk factor for COVID-19 severity. Diabetes and hypertension were also found to be strong independent risk factors for severe COVID-19. It was later discovered that obesity is a strong risk factor for severe disease as well. Possible mechanisms for the increased risk associated with metabolic disease include the increased prevalence of acute respiratory syndrome, immune cell dysfunction, and chronic inflammatory states associated with obesity and diabetes. Acknowledging these risk factors has consequences for addressing vaccination strategies as well as healthcare disparities.
Fishkin, T., Goldberg, M. D., & Frishman, W. H. (2021). Review of the Metabolic Risk Factors for Increased Severity of Coronavirus Disease-2019. Cardiology in Review, 29 (6), 292-295. https://doi.org/10.1097/CRD.0000000000000408