NYMC Faculty Publications

Left Ventricular Thrombus Complicated by Acute Limb Ischemia in a Patient with HIV

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Radiology Case Reports

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Case Report

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Left ventricular thrombus typically occurs in patients with impaired left ventricular function such as aneurysm, dilated cardiomyopathy, or post-myocardial infarction. Untreated HIV infection is known to increase the risk of venous thromboembolism and cardiovascular disease. However, the pathophysiology remains uncertain; some studies have proposed chronic inflammation as the underlying etiology. Nonetheless, left ventricular thrombus is extremely rare among persons living with HIV with no known underlying cardiac disease. Herein, we report an unusual case of a 55-year-old homeless and heterosexual male with past medical history of HIV, who has mildly reduced left ventricular function and a nonmobile, medium size left ventricular thrombus. Patient was initially treated with therapeutic dose of enoxaparin, and subsequently developed acute embolic occlusion of right femoral artery that lead to an above knee amputation. To our knowledge, left ventricular thromboembolism complicated with acute embolic ischemia in persons living with HIV is extremely rare. The presenting case will definitely add to the current body of knowledge and will raise awareness among physicians, in recognizing the rare association between HIV and arterial thromboembolism.