NYMC Faculty Publications

Fluoroscopically-Guided Hysteroscopic Tubal Cannulation: A Procedure for Proximal Tubal Obstruction

Author Type(s)


Journal Title

JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons / Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons

Document Type


Publication Date


Second Department

Obstetrics and Gynecology


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cannulation success rate, cumulative pregnancy, and time to intrauterine pregnancy rate following fluoroscopically-guided hysteroscopic tubal cannulation (FHTC) for infertile subjects with proximal tubal obstruction.

METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated subjects with unilateral or bilateral proximal tubal obstruction on hysterosalpingography, who failed concomitant selective salpingography and subsequently underwent FHTC at the time of a hysteroscopy performed for findings seen on sonohysterography. FHTC employed a Novy Catheter (CooperSurgical, Inc, Trumbull, CT.) with or without the 3 French inner catheter and guidewire, to cannulate the occluded fallopian tube(s), followed by the injection of Hypaque

RESULTS: Thirty-two women between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2019 met the entry criteria and underwent FHTC. Of those women with bilateral obstruction, 6/6 (100%) of subjects achieved at least unilateral patency, while patency was achieved in 23/26 (88.5%) subjects with unilateral obstruction. Twenty-nine of 32 (90.6%) subjects had at least one tube successfully cannulated with 34/38 (89.5%) of proximally obstructed tubes opened. Asymptomatic tubal perforation occurred in 1/38 tubes (2.6%). Ten subjects (34.5%) achieved intrauterine pregnancies without in vitro fertilization in an average of 64.9 days from the procedure. There were no multiple pregnancies and one ectopic pregnancy.

CONCLUSIONS: FHTC is a safe, effective, incision free procedure that results in 90% of tubes successfully cannulated, and an observed short time to intrauterine pregnancy.