NYMC Faculty Publications

Impact of Right Ventricular Impairment on Morbidity and Mortality in Takotsubo Syndrome-A Meta-Analysis of Observational Trials

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Heart Failure Reviews

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The impact of right ventricular impairment (RVI) on the morbidity and mortality of patients with Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is well-debated. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the mortality and morbidity risk associated with RVI compared with those without RVI in patients with TTS. A comprehensive search was performed in PubMed and Embase from inception to April 19, 2019. Our primary outcome of interest was in-hospital and long-term mortality. Other outcomes of interest were acute heart failure, left ventricular systolic function, tricuspid and mitral regurgitation, and length of hospital stay (LOS). We are reporting our outcomes as a cumulative odds ratio (OR). After an initial search, 10 studies with 1210 subjects were included in the quantitative analysis. Mean follow-up was 31 months. The odds of in-hospital and long-term mortality in TTS patients with and without RVI were not significantly different (p = 0.13 and 0.40). In TTS patients without RVI, the odds of acute heart failure, and mitral and tricuspid regurgitation were significantly lower at an OR of 0.26 (p < 0.0001), 0.40 (p = 0.0001), and 0.52 (p = 0.02) respectively. TTS patients with RVI had significantly lower mean LVEF (34% vs 41%, p = 0.03) and numerically higher mean LOS (9.5 days vs 7.6 days, p = 0.52) compared with those without RVI. The presence of RVI represents a severe form of TTS disease spectrum, characterized by severely reduced LVEF, higher incidence of MR and presence of TR. Although there was a trend toward increased in-hospital and long-term mortality, RVI in TTS does not portend worse survival.